The house is based upon two magnificent colonnaded gardens or peristyles, one Ionic and the other Doric. Some small changes were made over the next 250 years, but the house remained pretty much as it was constructed until August 24, 79 CE, when Vesuvius erupted, and the owners either fled the city or died with other residents of Pompeii and Herculaneum. The house was a residence for an elite family and it took up a whole city block, with an interior of some 3,000 square meters (nearly 32,300 square feet). The House of the Faun was named after the bronze statue of the dancing faun that was located in the centre of the impluvium. Covering a total surface area of about three thousand square metres, this building occupies a whole insula (block) and is certainly one of the largest and most sumptuous houses in Pompeii. Essentially, a peristyle is an open space surrounded by columns. During a bombing in 1943, two bombs fell in the tetrastyle atrium of the House of the Faun, which extends an entire block for nearly 3,000 square metres, and razed three of the four Corinthian tuff columns decorated with stucco. The reconstruction of this peristyle includes a formal garden; the owners may or may not have had a formal garden here when it was in use. Mosaics on the floors of the peristyles evoke the flora and fauna of the Nile. The House of the Faun was initially excavated in 1830 by the German archeological institute. The House of the Faun is an ancient, private house located in Pompeii. Built in the late second century BCE, the house is remarkable for the lavish mosaics which covered the floors, some of which are still in place, and some of which are on display at the National Museum of Naples. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Only the column facing the north remained intact. Alexander Mosaic from the House of Faun, Pompeii.Republican Roman. The House of the Faun was built in the 2nd century BC during the Samnite period (180 BC). English Version Directed by Gigi OlivieroLenght: 3'13" Hirst, K. Kris. Its facade is built of fine-grained gray tufa from Nuceria, the chief building material of this period. Other mosaics that were in the House of the Faun and can now be found at the Archaeological Museum of Naples include the Cat and Hen Mosaic, the Dove Mosaic, and the Tiger Rider Mosaic. The House of the Faun is the largest, most opulent house discovered at Pompeii to date. Hirst, K. Kris. At the entryway of the House of the Faun is this mosaic welcome mat, calling Have! The House of the Faun was nearly completely excavated by Italian archaeologist Carlo Bonucci between October 1831 and May 1832, which is in a way too bad—because modern techniques in archaeology could tell us quite a bit more than they could have 175 years ago. Hirst, K. Kris. The style of mosaic used to recreate this historic battle of Alexander the Great defeating the Persians in 333 BCE, is called opus vermiculatum or "in the style of worms." K. Kris Hirst is an archaeologist with 30 years of field experience. The statue is set in the so-called 'Tuscan' atrium. The House of the Faun Houses of the wealthy in Pompeii House of the Faun 2. The House of the Faun was built in the 2nd century BC during the Samnite period (180 BC). All house of the faun artwork ships within 48 hours and includes a 30-day money-back guarantee. The House of the Faun was the largest and most expensive residence discovered in the ruins of Pompeii.It provides insight into life during the Roman Empire. Reconstructed Little Peristyle and Tuscan Atrium. Archaeologists discovered an inscription bearing the cognomen Saturninus, suggesting that the dwelling was owned by the important gens, or clan, Satria; a ring bearing the family name Cassius was also found, indicating that someone of the Cassii family married into the gens Satria and lived in the House of the Faun.[5]. The Iconic Light of Geometric Relationships. The Alexander mosaic used approximately 4 million tesserae. Although scholars are somewhat divided about the exact dates, it is likely that the first construction of the House of the Faun as it is today was built about 180 BCE. [9] The house features beautiful peristyle gardens, the second of which was created as a stage to host recitations, mimes, and pantomimes. A late 2nd Century BCE Roman mosaic from the House of the Faun in Pompeii, Italy. It is one of the most luxurious aristocratic houses from the Roman republic, and reflects this period better than most archaeological evidence found even in Rome itself.[1]. - Private buildings - The house of the Faun is a private building as it is a house - Everyday life - The house of the Faun demonstrates that, for some people of Pompeii, everyday life was a little different as the house included its own personal bathing facilities, slave quarters and shop fronts. In the lower register, two ducks feed next to an assortment of seafood. [1] The servants’ quarters were dark and cramped, and there was not much furniture. The House of the Faun is the largest, most opulent house discovered at Pompeii to date. Several other floor mosaics having theatrical masks and Niloti… The House of the Faun has two of these. House of the faun 1. Although most of it was built in the early second century BC (circa 180 BC), this peristyle was originally a large open space, probably a garden or field. Scholars long debated whether house of Faun is two houses merged together or a unified plan, the reason for this being that the house of the faun had two atriums and two Peristylum. ThoughtCo. The walls are decorated… The peristyle's columns were added later and were at one point altered from Ionic style to Doric style. Like many ancient Roman houses, the House of the Faun had tabernae, or storefront shops, and a highly sophisticated building plan, which details the many rooms. And we see a view, a part of Pompeii over here with a series of houses marked in yellow. The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno ), built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. House of the Faun The name of the house comes from a beautiful bronze statue of a faun, a roman divinity related to woods and nature. "House of the Faun at Pompeii - Pompeii's Richest Residence." As a significant artwork and piece of history, the scene of the Mosaic remained in the social and cultural sphere. Although most of it was built in the early second century BC (circa 180 BC), this peristyle was originally a large open space, probably a garden or field. https://www.thoughtco.com/house-of-the-faun-at-pompeii-169650 (accessed January 23, 2021). The House of the Faun was named for the bronze statue of the dancing faun located, originally, on the lip of the impluvium, a basin for catching rainwater; it has been moved to the centre of the impluvium, as seen in the adjacent picture. 4.4 / 5. based on 15,385 reviews I'm not one who usually does overpriced tours but after reading many reviews I decided that this was the type of trip that warranted a guide, transport and local knowledge. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Click on the numbered rooms to take a tour of the House of the Faun House Entrance [8], Like other wealthy aristocrats of the Roman Republic, the owners of the House of the Faun installed a private bath system, or balneum, in the house. The House of Faun consists of the Alexander Mosaic, which represents the Battle of Issus fought between Darius III (Emperor of Persia) and Alexander the Great in 333 BC. Find a Lower Price? The Alexander Mosaic, a reconstructed part of which can be seen at the House of the Faun today, was removed from the floor of the House of the Faun and placed in the Archaeology Museum of Naples. The Dancing Faun at the House of the Faun in Pompeii. The peristyle's columns were added later and were at one point altered from Ionic style to Doric style. I wasn't disappointed. The smallest, which is the one you can see over the wall, was about 65 feet (20 meters) east/west by 23 ft (7 m) north/south. The House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno), built during the 2nd century BC, was one of the largest and most impressive private residences in Pompeii, Italy, and housed many great pieces of art. [6] Unlike most Pompeian pavements of the late second and early first centuries, this mosaic is made of tesserae, and not the more common opus signinum, or other kinds of stone chips set in mortar. Find out more Opens in … Visit our website www.ifilmati.comThe famous House of the Faun of Pompeii. -found in the House of Faun which was the nicest mansion found in Pompeii which means it was a piece of art aristocrats would have invested in for perhaps their own enjoyment and for the enjoyment of guests House of the Faun at Pompeii - Pompeii's Richest Residence. The bronze statue of a dancing faun is what gives the House of the Faun its name—and it is located where it would have been seen by people peering in the main doorway of the House of the Faun. The two atria are the open rectangles at the front of the building (on the left side of this image)—the one with the "Dancing Faun" that gives the House of the Faun its name is the upper one. Her work has appeared in scholarly publications such as Archaeology Online and Science. It was made using tiny (about .15 of an inch and under 4 mm) cut pieces of colored stones and glass, called "tesserae," set in worm-like rows and placed into the floor. The House of the Faun [Smith, Carolyn] on Amazon.com. [1], Today visitors can still explore the remains of the House of the Faun in modern Pompeii, along Via di Nola. "House of the Faun at Pompeii - Pompeii's Richest Residence." It might seem a bit odd to complain about the damaging effects of rain, wind, and tourists on the ruins of Pompeii, but the volcanic eruption which dropped a heavy ashfall killing many of the residents preserved the houses for us for some 1,750 years. The House of the Faun • The House of the Faun is considered the finest example of a private house in Pompeii. [10] Pietro Giovanni Guzzo, one of Pompeii's past archaeological superintendents, explained, “I want visitors to have the impression that they are entering the same luxurious house in which the ancient Pompeian owners lived before it was destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79.”[10], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}40°45′4.5″N 14°29′4.5″E / 40.751250°N 14.484583°E / 40.751250; 14.484583, Conservation issues of Pompeii and Herculaneum, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=House_of_the_Faun&oldid=993372507, Buildings and structures completed in the 2nd century BC, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 07:13. The baths were located in the domestic wing to the right of the entrance, and along with the kitchen was heated by a large furnace. 1900. Choose from more than 6,000 properties, ideal house rentals for families, groups and couples. (2020, August 29). Later, Roman patrons greatly admired Greek murals and commissioned copies, as either wall paintings Need a Hotel near House of the Faun? If you look north of the dancing faun you'll see a roped off mosaic floor backed by an eroded wall. House of the Faun (Italian: Casa del Fauno) is a large residence in Pompeii that was constructed on a site of an older dwelling that dated back to the 3rd century BC. Alexander Mosaic, c. 100 B.C.E., Roman copy of a lost Greek painting, House of the Faun, Pompeii, c. 315 B.C.E., Hellenistic Period (Archaeological Museum, Naples) Although the eruption was devastating, the layers of ash covering the city preserved artworks, like the mosaics of the House of the Faun, which would have otherwise been likely destroyed or decayed due to the passage of time. Choose your favorite house of the faun designs and purchase them as wall art, home decor, phone cases, tote bags, and more! House of the Faun Current page House of the Faun Italy may have travel restrictions in place, including self-quarantine, due to COVID-19. A Roman atrium is a rectangular open-air court, sometimes paved and sometimes with an interior basin for catching rainwater, called an impluvium. Either the owners of the House of the Faun had pretensions of Latin glory, or the mosaic was added after the Roman colony was established about 80 BCE, or after the Roman siege of Pompeii in 89 BCE by the infamous Lucius Cornelius Sulla. Shop for house of the faun art from the world's greatest living artists. It was one of the largest and most richly decorated houses of the Roman republic period and is a reflection of the aristocratic life in Rome. One major concern at Pompeii is that by excavation and revealing the building ruins, we've exposed them to the destructive forces of nature. The House of the Faun covers nearly 3000 square metres and occupies an entire city block, or insula. The house of the Faun, as you can see from your monument list, dates to the Second Century BC for the most part. Its entrance lies in Via della Fortuna. This peristyle, which measures some 65x82 ft (20x25 m) square, had the bones of two cows in it when it was excavated in the 1830s. • Built 2nd century BC – (300 yrs old at the time of the eruption) • Area – … In the upper register, a cat clutches a quail. We offer the CLOSEST Hotels with 24/7 Social Support. But it shows the main flashy bits of the house—two atria and two peristyles. Mosaic of Battle of Issus between Alexander the Great and Darius III. The statue at the House of the Faun ruins is a copy; the original is in the Archaeological Museum of Naples. Greek painting has so far been discussed only in terms of pottery decoration because little remains of paintings in other mediums. Entryway Mosaic, House of the Faun at Pompeii. The house of the Faun was a Roman Domus, but on a much larger scale. or Hail to you! The house of the Faun also was an example of the fusion of the italic (Roman) house centred around an atrium and the hellenistic (Greek) style house with a peristyle. [7], The Alexander Mosaic is complemented by other floor mosaics with Nilotic scenes and theatrical masks. That battle, called the Battle of Issus, took place in 333 BCE, only 150 years before the House of the Faun was built. The Tuscan atrium is floored with a layer of plain black mortar, and in the center of it is a strikingly white limestone impluvium. Fauns are spirits of untamed woodland, which literate and Hellenized Romans often connected to Pan and Greek satyrs, or wild followers of the Greek god of wine and drama, Dionysus. It is a purely decorative sculpture of a high order: "the pose is light and graceful," Kenneth Clark observed,[4] the modeling well understood, the general sense of movement admirably sustained," though he missed in its suavity the stimulus of sharper contrasts to be found in Renaissance nudes. Additionally, the house contained an entrance passage, a number of bedrooms (cubicula), dining rooms (triclinia) for both the summer and winter, a reception room (oecus), and an office (tablinum). First Pompeian Style. The House of the Faun contained the Alexander Mosaic, depicting the Battle of Issus in 333 BC between Alexander the Great and Darius III of Persia. We'll Refund the Difference! The statue stands above the impluvium, giving the statue a reflecting pool. Plan of the House of the Faun (August Mau 1902). Reconstructed Little Peristyle and Tuscan Atrium of the House of the Faun, Pompeii. in place of an older construction. When first discovered in the 1830s, the mosaic was thought to represent a battle scene from the Iliad; but architectural historians are now convinced that the mosaic represents the defeat of the last Achmaenid dynasty ruler King Darius III by Alexander the Great. What people are saying about House of the Faun. 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