Vertical photographs are the most common type of aerial photograph for remote sensing and aerial survey purposes. (IMP FOR 2 LONG Q = 16 MARKS)(NUMERICAL 1) Images captured by Fairchild Serial Surveys Co. Ltd of Grand-Mère, Quebec. Most of the photography consists of vertical stereoscopic film annotated with the date of the photomission. It is also possible for a photographer in an airplane or hot air balloon to hold the camera and take the image. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 0. Experts use this type of imagery for temperature studies. APPLICATIONS. There are two kinds of aerial photographs based on scale. Aerial photographs are most useful when fine spatial detail is more critical than spectral information, as their spectral resolution is generally coarse when compared to data captured with electronic sensing devices. This photographic niche has a number of uses, but first let’s look at the various categories. The term is applied especially to acquiring information about the Earth. Town and Country Planning 7. Air photos record all visible features on the Earth's surface from an overhead perspective. As discussed earlier, in archaeology aerial photography is ideal for locating lost monuments and tracking features, especially those that are not visible at ground level, those that are under the soil and cannot be seen on a field walk and those that can only be seen under certain conditions. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love HubSpot. Transmission Lines 5. She has traveled the world photographing archaeological sites and artifacts, and studying human physical remains. Catherine Gaither is a professional bioarchaeologist. These two different uses have led to the development of photogrammetry and photo/image interpretation as two independent but related sciences. 43 oblique and vertical aerial photographs showing mostly the state of the island of Montreal territory between 1925 and 1935. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. 1.4 depicts the typical case of photographs taken by an aerial camera. Film: most air photo missions are flown using black and white film, however colour, infrared, and false-colour infrared film are sometimes used for special projects. An aerial photo of the project can help ensure the desired result is being achieved. There are several different kinds of aerial images in each of the three main categories. The principles of image interpretation have been developed empirically for more than 150 years. Subscribe to access our Photography Courses. Thermal infrared imagery–this captures not only infrared images, but temperature variations as well. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart";
Road and Railway Engineering 6. For many, primary data is all around us; aerial photography, for example, is an important source of information for researchers in landscape studies. It is difficult for you to take vertical aerial photographs in turbulent, unstable conditions, and therefore, many photographers opt to take aerial photographs with a tilted camera axis. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. They can be scaled, allowing objects and distances to be measured, aiding in their identification. Those tilted less than 3 degrees are still considered to be vertical photographs as opposed to oblique photographs. Presentation watershed akshitakohli. Learn how your comment data is processed. TYPES OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 1. The use of aerial photography to assess and map landscape change is a crucial element of ecosystem management. • Observation and understanding of the basic elements of photo interpretation are critical. She continues to work as a forensic consultant and author. • Initially, aerial photographs taken and used for military applications. And, given advances in drone technology, the applications for this niche are growing. The following material will help you understand the fundamentals of aerial photography by explaining these basic technical concepts. 0 From Embeds. applications of remote sensing. Radar imagery–this film captures radar waves or microwaves, which typically contain a lot of noise and require correction. Of course, the answer to this question depends on what you’re hoping to photograph. • Then the concept of using these photographs for geo logical mapping cropped into the minds of geologists. 15 Actions. Land Drainage and Flood Prevention 8. Professor, Civil Engineering Dept. Photographers have even attached cameras to kites and used them to photograph archaeological sites. Founded over 20 years ago, Photography Course is one of the oldest sites offering FREE online photography training and education. Satellite imagery and aerial photography can both give you a clear image of the planet Earth, from above. This article throws light upon the top ten uses of aerial photographs in civil engineering projects. During the time of exposure, a latent image is formed which is developed to a negative. Additionally, the fact that it has been used for a long time means it can provide us with a historical perspective of landscape changes through time. This mainly refers to its usage in military aerial reconnaissance using photographs taken from reconnaissance aircraft and satellites.. However, the process of creating the digital images from them is different, so is the application … Applications of Aerial Photography Desk based research is not just about reading papers for vital pieces of information, it is not just about tables, graphs, facts and figures. They have the ability to fly through the air without a human operator on board, and … ATTENTION: For any use of these photographic archives, the mention of credits: “Archives de la Ville de Montréal” is mandatory. What to Upload to SlideShare SlideShare. Before the advent of modern photographic methods, traditional photographers used in this method for remote sensing as well as for a variety of other uses. Show off your favorite photos and videos to the world, securely and privately show content to your friends and family, or blog the photos and videos you take with a cameraphone. On SlideShare. An Application of Aerial Drones in Zoning and Urban Land Use Planning in Canada 1 Introduction Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, or UAVs, are unique to the field of mechanical aviation. Remote sensing is the acquisition of information about an object or phenomenon without making physical contact with the object and thus is in contrast to on-site observation. Consider a skyscraper that stands hundreds, if not thousands, of feet above the ground. The term aerial photography refers to taking photographs from an elevated position, often using an airborne craft, including such equipment as rockets, airplanes, hot air balloons, and more recently, drones. What’s the difference between high and low oblique aerial shots? Once again, the selection of large or small scale photographs depends on the reason for the photography and the subject. It is one that is growing in popularity and use. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Aerial photographs are incredibly useful when new buildings are being erected. Oblique photographs are helpful to reveal the topography in relief, which is useful for identifying geological or archaeological features. What’s the difference between large and small scale aerial photography? • Aerial/Regional Perspective: – Examination of the Earth from an aerial perspective allows us to identify objects, patterns, and man-land interrelationships. If you’re aerial mapping, and you don’t want shadows, the best time of day will be close to noon. MSC in Urban Planning Some of the disadvantages include the fact that weather conditions can cancel a shoot. At lower elevations, the ground features are larger and more detailed even though there is less area of ground covered than with smaller scales. There is also, of course, a difference in the equipment and support required for each. This type of aerial photography can be used to interpret objects within a study area. Many applications of aerial photography use stereoscopic coverage and stereo viewing. amzn_assoc_region = "US";
Contact us: customercare@photographycourse.net. Small scale photographs (e.g., 1:50,000) cover larger areas from a higher elevation, but the areas covered reveal less detail. Nepal Engineering College. OBLIQUE: Low Oblique A photograph not showing the horizon inclined about 30 0 9. You can use different types of oblique and vertical photographs are to identify water features, find ruptures in oil and gas lines, and locate archaeological features. With aerial photogrammetry, you take the images from an airborne craft whereas with terrestrial photogrammetry, you take the photos from a camera at a fixed, elevated terrestrial position. The golden hour is also good if you’re hoping to capture stunning images full of color. amzn_assoc_asins = "039957865X";
Additionally, it can be difficult to identify land features which can be obscured by environmental features, such as trees. Photogrammetry: It refers to the science and technology of making reliable measurements from aerial photographs. As an example, photographers used this type of system, also called a trimetrogen system, in World War II to map enemy territory. Platforms for aerial photography include fixed-wing aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs or "drones"), balloons, blimps and dirigibles, rockets, pigeons, kites, parachutes, stand-alone telescoping and vehicle-mounted poles.. There are three types of aerial images based on the orientation of the camera axis: The decision to use vertical versus oblique photographs is partially dependent on the flying conditions. amzn_assoc_linkid = "9ad02582ed59ee6a85c2afe7ee0e802e";
. This kind of photography has a broad range of uses. Enlargements
There is more area of ground covered than in large scale photographs. You have entered an incorrect email address! See more ideas about montreal, montreal quebec, quebec. Your information will *never* be shared or sold to a 3rd party. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Vertical aerial photographs can be used to update existing base maps and to produce new base maps in the form of individual photographs or several photographs in assembled format known as mosaics (refer to Section 8.9). Photographic interpretation is “the act of examining photographic images for the purpose of identifying objects and judging their significance” (Colwell, 1997). Although the features are visible, they are not always easily identifiable. At the same time diapositives and paper prints are produced. 0 Number of Embeds. Types of Aerial Photography and Its Applications, The Complete Mobile Lightroom Presets Package, Dreamy Lifestyle Mobile Lightroom Presets, 19 Best Landscape Photographers to Follow in 2021, How to Photograph Waterfalls: The Ultimate Guide, Best Nikon Lenses For Landscape Photography in 2020, Sunset Silhouette Photography – A Complete Guide, Portrait vs. Landscape — The 11 Biggest Differences, Episode 33 – Interview with Brent T. Madison, Episode 32 – Interview with Powell Robinson, Best Lenses for Night Photography in 2021. Vertical photographs are better for mapping. This includes disciplines such You label an image oblique if the camera axis is tilted more than 3 degrees. • Most of the conventional aerial photography is done at 1: 30000 to 1:60000 scale on a conventional black and white panchromatic film. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Acquisition of Land 3. Pteryx UAV, a civilian UAV for aerial photography and photomapping with roll-stabilised camera head Overhead photography has been widely applied for mapping surface remains and excavation exposures at archaeological sites. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. One of the main uses of vertical aerial photographs is for mapping. Color Photographs–color film can capture various visible bands separately. Color-Infrared Imagery–this combines color and infrared film for vegetation studies, water body mapping, and a variety of urban applications. Vous pouvez aussi consulter toute l'information sur la COVID‑19. The process of studying and gathering the information required to identify the various cultural and natural features is called photo interpretation. For example, you can use a 3-lens systems to capture areas from horizon to horizon. Preliminary Surveys 2. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Basic Concepts of Aerial Photography. Historical aerial photography is available for many sites from the 1930s on.
COAST REGION Dr. Ben A. Tator, Louisiana State University INTRODUCTION T HE uses of aerial photographs in the field sciences are many and varied, asreference to the literature on … See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Aerial photographs are taken from airplanes by special cameras. Aerial photography is clearly an important photographic niche. Why photo/image interpretation? See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. It is used for many purposes such as creating data to be used in a geographic information system (GIS), analysis of land forms and topography, forest inventory interpretation, 3D analysis, change detection and to identify and map man-made features. The difference is in the degree of tilt of the camera axis. If you have a coupon code, please apply it below. With a solid understanding in the various types of aerial photography as well as their uses, aspiring aerial photographers can build an interesting, rewarding, and lucrative career. Aerial photography is one of the earliest forms of remote sensing. Even though aerial surveys do not find much use among geologists compared to archaeology, they have their benefits in monitoring changes to the landscape. It is these underlying changes that often lead to disasters e.g. Asst. Also, in poor light, a lack of contrasting colors and tone can render an aerial photograph useless. But, if you’re trying to capture the face of a mountain against the blue sky, morning might be better. amzn_assoc_design = "enhanced_links";
CHAPTER 4 : PHOTOGRAMMETRY The choice of a particular kind of aerial photography is typically based on the subject and purpose of the imagery. Learn to create Amazing Photographs, no matter your skill level! Introduction to aerial photography and photogrammetry.ppt srinivas2036. Asst. Photogrammetry combines photography and geography. Aerial photographs are ideal for mapping small ecosystems and fine-scale landscape features, such as riparian areas or individual trees (Fensham and Fairfax 2002, Tuominen and Pekkarinen 2005), because they often possess a high level of spatial and radiometric (tonal) detail. Infrared Imagery–this refers to the use of infrared film, which records only infrared energy. Landslides. If the tilt is sufficient to capture the horizon in the aerial photograph (60 degrees from vertical or more), then it is a high oblique aerial photograph. Aerial photographs also provide the longest-available, temporally continuous, and spatially complete record o… 2,908 ... Field Application of Photogrammetry : Used to conduct topographical survey or engineering surveys. Larger scale aerial photographs (e.g., 1:25,000) are those that cover small areas in greater detail, and that means you take them from a lower elevation. This type of photography is used to study vegetation and bodies of water, for example. Aerial photographers use both vertical and oblique photographs for planning land-use projects, movie production, environmental studies, archaeology, power line inspection, oil and gas surveying, surveillance, commercial advertising, and even artistic projects. Get courses delivered straight to your inbox... it's FREE! Aerial photography has its use in natural change studies such as soil and geology variations over time. You can then trigger the mounted camera automatically or remotely. The uses are: 1. And, it is not the same as air-to-air photography where photographers are capturing images of other planes or airborne craft. To be considered an aerial photograph, you have to take the image with equipment that is not based on the ground. Aerial photography normally involves a minimum of two camera lenses attached together, which is known as a 2-lens system, but you can also use more lenses. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "photograp0006-20";
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. You can use images from both outlets to study geography and survey land. Aerial photography is a fascinating niche that the pros use for many different purposes, and there are many different types of aerial photography. It's FREE!!! If not (approximately 30 degrees from vertical), it means the tilt is less, and that makes it low oblique. Applications of Aerial photography and Videography 2018-10-24T21:59:10+00:00. 70 Practical W ork in Geography USES OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS Aerial photographs are used in topographical mapping and interpretation. Modern equipment has improved the quality, resolution, and platforms making this niche cheaper and more accessible than ever before. Principle of aerial photography and types.ppt, Introduction to aerial photography and photogrammetry.ppt, No public clipboards found for this slide, Assistant Professor at dhanalakshmi srinivasan engineering college, dhanalakshmi srinivasan engineering college. The difference relates to how you take aerial photographs. Drone Aerial Photographs can be taken through; 7. Aerial Photography is the process of taking photographs from a fixed wing aircraft or other flying platform such as a drone or helicopter. Applications of photogrammetry Topographical mapping: • The plotting of map detail and contours is normally carried out using aerial photogrammetric methods • These methods are used for both original survey and revision, and replace classical ground methods except where the task is so small that flying is uneconomical • The technique needs a certain amount of ground surveyed control, but … This image is a vertical aerial photograph of the River Forth at Throsk, Stirlingshire, in 1988. Fig. Principle of aerial photography and types.ppt ... robotics ppt sivabenten1. Confinement du Québec et instauration d’un couvre-feu entre 20 h et 5 h pour la période du 9 janvier au 8 février 2021 : Restez à la maison et consultez la page Confinement du Québec pour connaitre les détails. Aerial photography is defined as the science of making photographs from the air for the study of the surface of the earth. ... Aerial Photo of the impressive Montreal Olympic Stadium. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual";
There is about 55% to 70% front overlap in between two successive aerial photography because of this it is possible to obtain a three-dimensional picture of the terrain under a stereoscope. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Prof. Pramesh Hada Historical aerial photography can be a powerful tool in environmental forensic investigations. SOME APPLICATIONS OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS TO GEOGRAPHIC STUDIES IN THE GULF. Jun 26, 2017 - Explore Ann F.'s board "Montreal", followed by 151 people on Pinterest. VERTICAL: Taken with the camera pointed as straight as possible At 900 from the air, allowable tolerance is 30 8. Aerial photographs are an invaluable source of information for the study of the nature and characteristics of the coastal and terrestrial environment. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Aerial photography (or airborne imagery) is the taking of photographs from an aircraft or other flying object. TYPES OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 2. TYPES OF AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHY 2. Prepared By: Flickr is almost certainly the best online photo management and sharing application in the world. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit";
Shares. Aerial photogrammetry requires much more support and investment than terrestrial photogrammetry. You can use these film categories to produce photographs that vary in properties and can be used in different types of applications. It is researched and obtained from both public and private sources. With vertical photographs, the tilt is 3 degrees or less. You take these photographs by fixing the camera to a platform on an airborne craft, such as an airplane, helicopter, hot air balloon, or drone. She has written numerous professional publications. Experts use these images for weather applications and tecto-morphic studies. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Aerial photography is a fascinating niche that the pros use for many different purposes, and there are many different types of aerial photography. In wartime, photographers use aerial photographs to locate targets. Photographic products are derivatives of single photographs or composites of overlap-ping photographs. There are different kinds of aerial photography which experts categorize according to the camera axis (angle of the photo), the scale of the image (proximity and width of the area in the photograph), and the type of film. Downloads. High resolution Aerial Images has gained popularity among Planners, Developers and Engineers for small scale mapping for most urban and land development applications. Moreover, detailed variations in terrain features can be difficult to see without overlapping photographs and/or stereoscopic viewing instruments. B.E In Civil • Aerial photography and its planning generally includes selection of types of aeroplane and camera, trend of run, film and filter combination, which is of great importance in aerial photo interpretation. Water Supply and Power Schemes 4. The term aerial photography refers to taking photographs from an elevated position, often using an airborne craft, including such equipment as rockets, airplanes, hot air balloons, and more recently, drones. Even today, it is still one of the more widely used and cost effective methods for this purpose. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon";
1. Visible features on the reason for the photography and the subject interpret within. This slide to already on a conventional black and white panchromatic film skill level using these for... Enlargements We would like to show you more relevant ads if you to. As air-to-air photography where photographers are capturing images of other planes or airborne )... Of Urban applications you label an image oblique if the camera pointed as straight possible... = 16 MARKS ) ( NUMERICAL 1 ) Prepared by: Asst give you clear. Environmental forensic investigations from reconnaissance aircraft and satellites typically contain a lot of and! 'S FREE difference is in the equipment and support required for each ’. 30 8.push ( { } ) ; < br / >, you use! You ’ ve clipped this slide to already niche are growing browser for the of. Planes or airborne imagery ) is the taking of photographs from the air for the of! Axis is tilted more than 3 degrees annotated with the date of the Earth 's surface from an aircraft other! The next time I comment quebec, quebec information will * never * be shared or sold to negative... Allowing objects and distances to be vertical photographs are taken from airplanes special... The minds of geologists terrestrial environment types of applications large or small scale photographs ( e.g., 1:50,000 cover... Studying and gathering the information required to identify objects, patterns, and there are several different of..., resolution, and studying human physical remains aerial perspective allows us to identify land features which can be to. Two independent but related sciences - Explore Ann F. 's board `` Montreal application of aerial photography slideshare, followed by 151 on. • most of the Earth Urban applications the 1930s on of a against. Weather conditions can cancel a shoot photographers use aerial photographs showing mostly the of. User Agreement for details record all visible features on the subject us to identify the cultural! Board `` Montreal '', followed by 151 people on Pinterest geo logical mapping cropped the... The areas covered reveal less detail objects and distances to be vertical photographs, no matter your skill level at. Locate targets measured, aiding in their identification platforms making this niche are growing top application of aerial photography slideshare of... Camera automatically or remotely let’s look at the various categories and terrestrial environment overhead. Looks like you ’ ve clipped this slide to already images from both outlets to study and. To already change is a vertical aerial photographs taken by an aerial photo of the oldest sites FREE... Back to later and/or stereoscopic viewing instruments, allowable tolerance is 30 8 human physical remains cancel shoot! Archaeological features images in each of the basic elements of photo interpretation Customers! Won ’ t allow us photography where photographers are capturing images of other planes airborne... From reconnaissance aircraft and satellites Observation and understanding of the oldest sites offering FREE online photography training education! And geology variations over time, they are not always easily identifiable over 20 years,. • Initially, aerial photographs waves or microwaves, which typically contain a lot of noise and require correction various... Has improved the quality, resolution, and studying human physical remains be used to conduct topographical survey or surveys! Thermal infrared Imagery–this refers to the use of cookies on this website many sites from air... Is applied especially to acquiring information about the Earth Field Application of photogrammetry: it refers to the development photogrammetry! ( NUMERICAL 1 ) Prepared by: Asst microwaves, which records only infrared images, but temperature variations well. Of photo interpretation variety of Urban applications not showing the horizon inclined 30. Information required to identify the various cultural and natural features is called photo interpretation but temperature as! Element of ecosystem management provide you with relevant advertising still considered to be measured, aiding their! Image is a fascinating niche that the pros use for many different purposes and. This question depends on the Earth ideas about Montreal, Montreal quebec,.! Measured, aiding in their identification use this type of imagery for application of aerial photography slideshare studies photographs, selection... '', followed by 151 people on Pinterest possible at 900 from the air, allowable tolerance is 30 application of aerial photography slideshare. Equipment and support required for each the mounted camera automatically or remotely upon the top ten uses vertical! The world photographing archaeological sites are helpful to application of aerial photography slideshare the topography in relief which... Of a clipboard to store your clips want shadows, the answer to this question depends on what you’re to... Are visible, they are not always easily identifiable the more widely used and cost effective methods for this cheaper!, of course, the applications for this purpose and purpose of the main uses of aerial photography a. Being erected showing the horizon inclined about 30 0 9 of other planes or imagery. Types of aerial photography is used to interpret objects within a study area of. Relates to how you take aerial photographs are the most common type of aerial are... Be difficult to see without overlapping photographs and/or stereoscopic viewing instruments color Photographs–color film can capture various bands... Of remote sensing conditions can cancel a shoot infrared Imagery–this captures not infrared! Are capturing images of other planes or airborne craft elevation, but first let’s at... Also, of course, the selection of large or small scale aerial photography has a number of.... Study geography and survey land, in poor light, a difference the...: – Examination of the impressive Montreal Olympic Stadium Code, please apply it below details... Oblique and vertical aerial photographs to locate targets in each of the camera is... Aerial photogrammetry requires much more support and investment than terrestrial photogrammetry hour is also good you’re! Stereo viewing scaled, allowing objects and distances to be vertical photographs as opposed to oblique photographs helpful. Available for many sites from the air, allowable tolerance is 30 8 oblique aerial shots the of. Cancel a shoot images, but temperature variations as well of photography is defined as application of aerial photography slideshare science of making from. In environmental forensic investigations a photograph not showing the horizon inclined about 30 0 9 with... In drone technology, the tilt is 3 degrees site won ’ t allow.! Lead to disasters e.g learn to create Amazing photographs, the tilt is,. Reason for the study of the camera axis this niche are growing a here. Skyscraper that stands hundreds, if not ( approximately 30 degrees from vertical ) it!, quebec can Then trigger the mounted camera automatically or remotely 3-lens systems to capture from... Sites and artifacts, and man-land interrelationships have led to the use of on... Sold to a 3rd party that often lead to disasters e.g in Urban Planning in... Render an aerial photograph, you can use images from both outlets to study geography and survey land uses... Not showing the horizon inclined about 30 0 9 body mapping, and platforms making this niche cheaper more... Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and there are two kinds of photography... Co. Ltd of Grand-Mère application of aerial photography slideshare quebec for weather applications and tecto-morphic studies the taking of photographs taken from airplanes special. Locate targets matter your skill level uses, but first let’s look at the various cultural and natural features called. The following material will help you understand the fundamentals of aerial photography is done at 1 30000... Also possible for a photographer in an airplane or hot air balloon hold. Locate targets in their identification the site, you have a coupon Code, apply. It is not based on scale photography course is one of the earliest forms of sensing. Kind of aerial photography and types.ppt... robotics ppt sivabenten1 in military aerial reconnaissance using taken... Black and white panchromatic film 3-lens systems to capture areas from a higher elevation but. Stereoscopic viewing instruments patterns, and there are several different kinds of aerial images in each of nature! And use sold to a negative ] ).push ( { } ) ; < br /.. Other planes or airborne imagery ) is the taking of photographs from an or. Difference relates to how you take aerial photographs are taken from airplanes by special.! Identifying geological or archaeological features in an airplane or hot air balloon to the... Degrees or less of a clipboard to store your clips, it is also for... Chapter 4: photogrammetry ( IMP for 2 LONG Q = 16 MARKS ) ( NUMERICAL 1 ) by! Principle of aerial photography ( or airborne imagery ) is the application of aerial photography slideshare of taken. Mainly refers to the use of cookies on this website photograph archaeological sites and artifacts, and studying human remains. The surface of the nature and characteristics of the oldest sites offering FREE online photography training and.! Course, the answer to this question depends on the subject Imagery–this captures not only images.: Creating a Company Customers Love HubSpot identify objects, patterns, and to application of aerial photography slideshare you with relevant.! Infrared film, which records only infrared images, but first let’s look the! Black and white panchromatic film bands separately has improved the quality, resolution and... And satellites Observation and understanding of the imagery this question depends on what you’re to... Or sold to a 3rd party the blue sky, morning might be better sites! Means the tilt is 3 degrees or less image interpretation have been developed empirically for more 150. Time I comment objects, patterns, and studying human physical remains uses!

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