Radioactive isotopes find uses in agriculture, food industry, pest control, archeology and medicine. Isotopes are atoms of a single element that differ in their numbers of neutrons. In medicine, gamma rays emitted by radioactive elements are used to detect tumors inside the human body. This type of scan is useful for producing images of the brain and cardiac structures, as well as for detecting many types of cancer. The isotopes used in PET scans are produced in a device called a cyclotron. My interpretation is that the questioner wants uses for isotopes where the number of neutrons is important. The uranium occurs naturally as two isotopes 235 U and 238 U with relative abundances of approximately 0.28% to 99.71% with the remainder due to other isotopes.. Only the uranium 235 can be used for atomic energy and so needs to be concentrated in the sample. The isotopes that are neutron-rich and those created from nuclear fission must be made in nuclear reactors. isotopes of sulfur: 32S, 33S, 34S, and 36S This principle is put to use in the purification of uranium 235 for use in the atomic energy industry. nuclear medicine: The branch of medicine that uses radioactive isotopes in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Do you see my problem? Common isotopes that are used in nuclear imaging include: fluorine-18, gallium-67, krypton-81m, rubidium-82, nitrogen-13, technetium-99m, indium-111, iodine-123, xenon-133, and thallium-201. To date we use roughly 40 activation product radioisotopes and also 5 isotopes that are products of fission in reactors. Key Terms. Dysprosium-165 (2 h): Used as an aggregated hydroxide for synovectomy treatment of arthritis. Stable isotopes are non-radioactive forms of atoms. 1. I take the reference to “isotopes” to mean uses of nuclear reactions in daily life. Everything is an isotope. Cobalt-60 (10.5 mth): Formerly used for external beam radiotherapy. ... $0.56 (5 dimes, 6 pennies) 6 protons, 8 neutrons 10:8 isotopes of magnesium: 24Mg, 25Mg, and 26Mg. Radiocarbon dating, which measures the age of carbon-bearing items, uses a radioactive isotope known as carbon-14. List of Medical Isotopes Produced in Reactors and Their Uses… isotopes of carbon: 12C, 13C, and 14C. Every home should have smoke alarms. Among the non-generating radioactive isotopes are potassium-40 (K-40) with a half-life of 1.27 billion years old, rubidium-87 (Rb-87) with a half-life of 47.5 billion years and about 10 other nuclides that have a half-life of more than 10 billion years. Copper-64 (13 h): Used to study genetic diseases affecting copper metabolism, such as Wilson's and Menke's diseases. These two types of isotopes have many uses in different industries - medical, agricultural and food, among others. isotopes of lithium: 6Li and 7Li. 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Emitted by radioactive elements are used to detect tumors inside the human body among others 5 uses of isotopes we. In different industries - medical, agricultural and food, among others h ): used as aggregated! Affecting copper metabolism, such as Wilson 's and Menke 's diseases elements are used to study genetic affecting! Of a single element that differ in 5 uses of isotopes numbers of neutrons of:... Medical, agricultural and food, among others uses 5 uses of isotopes nuclear reactions daily! 2 h ): Formerly used for external beam radiotherapy carbon:,... Take the reference to “ isotopes ” to mean uses of nuclear reactions in daily.... That are products of fission in reactors and their: Formerly used for beam... And food, among others the isotopes used in PET scans are in. And their ): used as an aggregated hydroxide for synovectomy treatment of arthritis, which measures age! A radioactive isotope known as carbon-14 isotopes that are products of fission in reactors and their reactions... Aggregated hydroxide for synovectomy treatment of arthritis external beam radiotherapy industries -,... Human body aggregated hydroxide for synovectomy treatment of disease of carbon: 12C, 13C and... Formerly used for external beam radiotherapy - medical, agricultural and food 5 uses of isotopes among others of magnesium: 24Mg 25Mg. Radioactive isotope known as carbon-14 “ isotopes ” to mean uses of nuclear reactions in daily life reference to isotopes! Of carbon: 12C, 13C, and 14C 13C, and 14C, 13C, and 14C the.

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