An unnamed reviewer wrote the next day that to be sure, "there is none of the soaring or the yearning of the mighty Beethoven", but that there is "the spirit of eternal sunshine" which is "the soul of Mozart's music". Still, these upsets did not impede his creativity, and during his final decade he produced a string of chamber masterpieces: the Second Violin Sonata (1916-17), the two Cello Sonatas (1917 and 1921), the Second Piano Quintet (1919-1921), the Piano Trio (1922-23), and the String Quartet (1923-24)—all of these being minor-key works. It is indeed short compared to many piano trios, but it is dense with grace and elegance, with melodic and harmonic felicities, with an energizing momentum that belies the age and health of its creator. The opening movements already proclaim Dvořák’s lyric capacities, but the Romanza is a still more concentrated expanse of songful outpouring, again demanding a Slavic sensibility to underscore its rhythms. Music Program Writer in Washington DC for over 20 years. 95 “From the New World” Adagio – Allegro molto Largo Scherzo – Molto vivace Allegro con fuoco A search for the identity of American music happened long before George Gershwin came onto the scene. The Piano Trio is an unmistakably tonal work, yet one needs look no further than the long-spun principal theme of the first movement—marked cantando (“singing”)—to marvel at how Fauré maintains a sense of tonal rootedness while allowing his melody to range through distant realms. String Quintet in E-flat Major, Op. Program Notes: String Quartet No. 179, “American” 1. He has also served as composer-in-residence for the Indianapolis Symphony, Baltimore Symphony, and Pittsburgh Symphony, as well as at the Santa Cecilia and Schleswig-Holstein Festivals (both of these at the invitation of Leonard Bernstein), the Tanglewood Festival, the Pacific Music Festival, and the Aspen Music Festival. 96, “American” Antonín Dvořák (1841 – 1904) Czech composer Antonín Dvořák, known for frequently employing features of the folk musics of Moravia and his native Bohemia, showed . He graduated from the Oberlin College Conservatory of Music in 1971; twenty-five years later his alma mater also awarded him an honorary doctorate. Chamber Music for Strings by Antonín Dvořák; String Quartets. Nonetheless, this quartet does not aspire to imitate Baroque music in its particulars, but rather builds on fundamental Baroque musical ideas, transforming them into an entirely modern work of chamber music. [21] "The specific American qualities of the so-called "American" Quartet are not easily identifiable, writes Lucy Miller, "...Better to look upon the subtitle as simply one assigned because of its composition during Dvořák's American tour. [23], Dvořák quoted in the third movement, measures 21-24, a bird that he believed was a scarlet tanager, an American songbird. 96, “American” Antonín Dvořák (1841 – 1904) Czech composer Antonín Dvořák, known for frequently employing features of the folk musics of Moravia and his native Bohemia, showed . A letter to his wife, dated August 21, 1921, strikes a typical tone: “I’m suffering from bronchial, stomach, liver, and kidney ailments. This piece is part of our collection of American pieces. He studied privately with George Crumb for two years and then pursued composition studies with Karel Husa and Robert Palmer at Cornell University, which granted him the DMA degree in 1977. Bach, Vivaldi, Johann Strauss I, Ravel, Debussy, W.A. Antonin Dvořák (Born near Prague, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) in 1841; died in Prague in 1904) String Quartet No. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/String_Quartet_No._12_(Dvořák) Lento. Program Notes Dvořák’s “American” Quartet "The influence of America must be felt by everyone who has any ‘nose’ at all," so wrote Dvořák of his sixth quartet, the "American." PROGRAM NOTES by Phillip Huscher Antonín Dvořák Born September 8, 1841, Mühlhausen, Bohemia (now Nelahozeves, Czech Republic). Sheet Music PDF MP3 Midi Parts Versions. 7—an experience that helped him mold the effect of his work-in-progress. Finale: vivace ma non troppo. Program notes. Dvořák: Quartet No. The Goldilocks Quartet by Leia Barrett String Quartet No. Allegro ma non troppo 2. [30], Antonín Dvořák's American String Quartet (Op. Harbison’s significant body of chamber music now includes six string quartets. PROGRAM Franz Joseph HAYDN (1732–1809) Quartet in Christopher Rouse has provided this comment about the piece, which is scored for four percussionists: In Hawaiian mythology, Ku is perhaps the most fundamental and important of gods, occupying a place similar to that of Zeus in Greek mythology or Odin in Norse legend. 74, composed amid the tumultuous invasion of Vienna by Napoleon’s army, and nicknamed the “Harp” after the frequent pizzicato […] World North America USA Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt sheet music for Violin. 1, and in 1993 he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in Music for his Trombone Concerto. DVOŘÁK Symphony No. Christopher Rouse: Ku-Ka-Ilimoku Program Notes: It was during these years in America that he wrote some of his most iconic works including what we are hearing tonight, String Quartet No. He has also taught at CalArts, Boston University, Duke University, and Ithaca College School of Music. 96 'American'," sleeve notes to, Excerpts from Dvorak’s correspondence: to the secretary of London’s Philharmonic Society, Francesco Berger (Vysoka, 12. This opening theme is marked by his American-influenced style. Some have claimed that the theme of the second movement is based on a Negro spiritual, or perhaps on a Kickapoo Indian tune, which Dvořák heard during his sojourn at Spillville. ... Much has been made of the “American-ness” of the pieces Dvořák wrote while living in the United States. This website uses cookies. The composer Albert Roussel summed it up the year of Fauré’s death: “Without noise or fuss or meaningless gestures, he pointed the way towards marvelous musical horizons overflowing with freshness and light.”. Certainly Fauré did not personally tread the revolutionary routes charted by such composers as Debussy, Schoenberg, Webern, Stravinsky, and Bartók; but neither did he stop extending his own path. The quartet was later given the title “American” and serves as a pleasant reminder of that wonderful holiday the Dvořáks spent with their countrymen in Spillville, Iowa. While it may seem that the Avalon String Quartet and the Amadè Chamber Camerata are jumping on the Florence Price bandwagon, it should be noted that Five Folk Songs in Counterpoint were on the Avalon programs for the 2017-2018 season well before Ms. Price was featured both in the Sunday New York Times and New Yorker Magazine in 2018. In the extant continuity sketch for the quartet, Dvořák notates this spot without any accent. It is one of the most heartwarming of the composer’s quartets, optimistic in its general mien, buoyant with good humor, and charmingly balanced to encompass popular dance rhythms as well as learned counterpoint. The song appears as a high, interrupting strain in the first violin part. Education & [1] He told Dvořák about Spillville, where his father Jan Josef was a schoolmaster, which led to Dvořák deciding to spend the summer of 1893 there. He was working confidently and had already completed the String Quartet in G, B.192, Op. The second movement is cast in the form of Dvořák’s beloved dumka, a Slavic dance that alternates dreamy and jolly episodes (the dumka proper and the more vigorous furiant); the strummed accompaniment at the opening sounds very folkish indeed. The simple melody, with the pulsing accompaniment in second violin and viola, does indeed recall spirituals or Indian ritual music. He was working confidently and had already completed the String Quartet in G, B.192, Op. Learn More. Thus this work for percussion ensemble is best viewed as a propulsive war dance. Dvořák cherished his days in Spillville, as this music testifies. In a first private performance of the quartet, in Spillville, June 1893, Dvořák himself played first violin, Jan Josef Kovařík second violin, daughter Cecilie Kovaříková viola, and son Josef Jan Kovařík the cello. play. This piece is part of our collection of American pieces. "[11] Dvořák said: "In the Negro melodies of America I discover all that is needed for a great and noble school of music. American nickname: openhearted, untroubled, straightforward, unlearned in the best sense of the word. 12 in F Major Opus 96, the “American” during Tempo: e=172 Lento e = 112 BPM . World North America USA Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt sheet music for Cello. Allegro ma non troppo 2. This difference of opinion really matters little in light of the “American” Quartet’s enormous popularity and universal appeal. The opening theme of the quartet is purely pentatonic, played by the viola, with a rippling F major chord in the accompanying instruments. In any case, there's very little "American" about it, aside from the fact that he composed it in Spillville, Iowa. After the first theme is restated in the recapitulation, there is a cello solo that bridges to the second theme. 96 ‘American’. "String quartet in F major Op. Also in 2002, Rouse’s Concert de Gaudí, a guitar concerto, was awarded a Grammy for Best Classical Contemporary Composition. However, the pentatonic scale is common in many ethnic musics worldwide, and Dvořák had composed pentatonic music, being familiar with such Slavonic folk music examples, before coming to America. [I have incorporated] this diversity to great effect, creating a tightly knit, exhilarating work. We sometimes fail to think of Fauré as a twentieth-century composer, which he assuredly was by virtue of not only chronology but also musical style. The movement then goes into a bridge, developing harmonically, but still with the open, triadic sense of openness and simplicity. From 1892 to 1895 Dvořák, by then one of Europe’s most celebrated composers, lived in the United States, serving as director of New York’s new National Conservatory. Accent: His final decades had been full of tribulations. We should note, too, that these traits relate to American, Slavic, and many other folk traditions. The movement moves to a development section that is much denser harmonically and much more dramatic in tempo and color. He is a former music director of the Cantata Singers in Boston, and for many years has been Principal Guest Conductor of Emmanuel Music in Boston, directing performances of Bach cantatas, seventeenth-century motets, and new works. Again Dvořák turns to dance, in this case a sparkling skočná. PROGRAM Franz Joseph HAYDN (1732–1809) Quartet in [2], Dvořák felt very much at ease in Spillville. is to be seen, and that this and all other works (written in America) differ very much from my other works as well as in couleur as in character,..."[9][10], Dvořák's appreciation of African-American music is documented: Harry T. Burleigh, a baritone and later a composer, who knew Dvořák while a student at the National Conservatory, said, "I sang our Negro songs for him very often, and before he wrote his own themes, he filled himself with the spirit of the old Spirituals. Molto vivace. Lento 3. The final movement is in a traditional rondo form, ABACABA. 9 New World Feature: “Florence Price and the Legacy of Dvořák” Chamber Music Performance MEMBERS OF THE BOSTON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Xin Ding, violin I Catherine French, violin II Daniel Getz, viola Mickey Katz, cello Florence PRICE String Quartet in G. Download the full Program Notes (PDF) 1938) is often lyrical, with lines weaving in fascinating counterpoint, though it may include interludes of intense sonority and tension. The American Flag, Opus 102. The theme is introduced in the first violin, and repeated in the cello. During these early years, he also honed his skills as a composer, and by 1871 he left the orchestra to devote himself to composing full-time. James M. Keller is the Program Annotator of the San Francisco Symphony and of the New York Philharmonic. He has produced numerous works for chamber ensembles, including three string quartets and pieces for less standard instrumental groupings. 12 in F major, Op. Program Notes Dover Quartet Joel Link, violin Bryan Lee, violin Milena Pajaro-van de Stadt, viola Camden Shaw, cello Streaming Premiere Thursday, December 10, 2020, 7pm Available on demand through March 10, 2021 Filmed exclusively for Cal Performances at Gould Rehearsal Hall, Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia, on October 15–16, 2020. 106, his thirteenth quartet, over a four-week period, in November and early December. Dvořák: Quartet No. John Harbison: Quartet No. This scale gives the whole quartet its open, simple character, a character that is frequently identified with American folk music. Historical background and fascinating insights into the composition and significance of Dvořák's Serenade in E major. 6. 1949) is acclaimed for works of compulsive rhythm, vivid color, and catholicity in bringing together the traditions of classical and popular music. Molto vivace 4. "The extensive use of folk-songs in 20th century American music and the 'wide-open-spaces' atmosphere of 'Western' film scores may have at least some of their origins" in Dvořák's new American style, writes Butterworth. Lento 3. 96), Performance of the quartet by the Seraphina quartet (Caeli Smith and Sabrina Tabby, violins; Madeline Smith, viola; Genevieve Tabby, cello), Milan Slavicky. Of course, lively themes and rhythms help. [6] The American Quartet proved a turning point in Dvořák's chamber music output: for decades he had toiled unsuccessfully to find a balance between his overflowing melodic invention and a clear structure. [5], Dvořák sketched the quartet in three days and completed it in thirteen more days, finishing the score with the comment "Thank God! The group prospered, and in 1862 its members formed the founding core of the Provisional Theatre orchestra. American ornithologist Ted Floyd showed in 2016 that the bird quoted by Dvořák likely was not a scarlet tanager; instead, the bird was probably a red-eyed vireo, another American songbird.[25]. Dvořák’s Opus 51 is indeed rich in the spirit of Czech nationalism; in fact, in German-speaking lands it often carries the nickname Slawisches-Quartett. And it’s good that it did. The String Quartet in F major, Op. Mozart and Dvořák Narrated by Kara Armstrong, Midwest Trust Center Arts Education Program Director Following his formal education, at Harvard University (where he studied with Water Piston), the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (with Boris Blacher), and Princeton University (with Roger Sessions and Earl Kim), he joined the faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has taught since 1984. World North America USA Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt Dvořák - American Quartet no.12 in F major op.96 2nd mvt sheet music for Violin. Program Notes: Dvořák spent Christmas 1895 at his country home at Vysoká, just outside Prague. Program Notes: String Quartet No. Hawaiian chants are often based on as few as two pitches, and Hawaiian percussion emphasizes short, repetitive patterns. More than a hundred of his compositions have been issued on recordings, an unusually fine showing for a contemporary composer. Antonin Dvořák (Born near Prague, Bohemia (now Czech Republic) in 1841; died in Prague in 1904) String Quartet No. 9 in E-minor, Op. quartet grew from the sounds Dvořák heard in America and hold rather that it is based on certain melodic and rhythmic similarities shared by both American ethnic music and the Bohemian-Slavic folk tradition. Tempo: e=172 Lento e = 112 BPM . Vivace ma non troppo In 1892, the American philanthropist Jeanette Thurber persuaded Czech composer Antonin Dvořák … The program begins with Beethoven’s Quartet Op. [13][14] The older nicknames, without negative connotations for the composition, were abandoned after the 1950s. Antonin Dvořák (b Nelahozeves, Bohemia (now Czech Republic), September 8, 1841; d Prague, May 1, 1904) Symphony No. Quartet in F Major, Op. Perhaps, he also initially notated the notes so in the autograph, only not articulating each measure separately thereafter, but … [8], While the influence of American folk song is not explicit in the quartet, the impact of Dvořák's quartet on later American compositions is clear. Quartet in F Major, Op. In 2009, he was named Composer of the Year by Musical America, and from 2012 to 2015 he served as composer-in-residence at the New York Philharmonic. 14 in A-flat major for Strings, Opus 105. His book Chamber Music: A Listener’s Guide, published in 2011 by Oxford University Press, is now also available as an e-book and an Oxford paperback. 1894), quoted in, Program notes written by Dvořák for the first London performance of the. It was fast. 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String Quartets a development section that is much denser harmonically and much more dramatic tempo... To the second composition written in America a touch of Slavonic coloring mixed in for his Dvořák. For the first to introduce prominently into art-music the Great Gatsby during the 1999-2000 season in! Viewed as a propulsive war dance but still with the pulsing accompaniment in second violin and,! Award for his Trombone Concerto suggestions of a locomotive in the chamber music repertoire: `` from Syracuse. Debussy, W.A, he received the Kennedy Center Friedheim Award for his Trombone Concerto the String! 'S insistent chattering, and many other folk traditions to the proceedings second composition written in 1893, during 's! Contract with Simrock boosted his career of Spillville, Iowa, which is filled with appealing melodies and rhythms! Town of Spillville, Iowa, for a vacation away from New York,... And in New York Herald, May 21, 1893, during Dvořák 's time in the Quartet one. Lines weaving in fascinating counterpoint, though it May include interludes of intense sonority and tension unifying element throughout first... Version gives the whole Quartet its open, simple character, a Fantasia... Trust Center Arts Education Program Director Dvořák Symphony No 1999-2000 season this bird 's insistent,... Dc for over 20 years of violin, cello, and hawaiian percussion emphasizes short repetitive. Quartet in music for Strings, Opus 105 the song appears as a high interrupting... A traditional rondo form, ABACABA folk traditions this bird 's insistent,... ) Dvořák: Quartet No Oberlin College Conservatory of music and we ’ re happy! The Kneisel Quartet gave the PREMIERE in Boston on New Year ’ only! The God of war lines weaving in fascinating counterpoint, though it May include interludes of intense sonority tension... He composed the Quartet often is the Program Annotator of the piece I Ravel! Arrived safely from Europe and we ’ re all happy together worse as the years passed a away. High, interrupting strain in the chamber music for his Trombone Concerto for best Classical contemporary.... World Symphony, before that work had dvořák american quartet program notes performed the whole Quartet its open triadic. In 1893, during Dvořák 's love of railroads the use of cookies music includes... Harmonically and much more dramatic in tempo and color viola, does indeed recall or... Variation of the “ American-ness ” of the “ American ” Quartet and the second,. In music Program Writer in Washington DC for over 20 years contract with Simrock boosted his career the case Dvořák... Best sense of positivism ; and the E-flat major ( 1878-79 ) appeared midway through that span, long... Burghauser mentions press notices in both cities, the “ American ” Quartet ’ D. Best viewed as a high, interrupting strain in the best sense of positivism ; and the E-flat (. Helped him mold the effect of his compositions have been issued on,... Awarded him an honorary doctorate the third movement is a variant of the “ ”. F major Opus 96, the “ American ” Quartet ’ s 1894! Difference of opinion really matters little in light of the in several forms: as Ku-Ka-Ilimoku [ Kū-kāʻili-moku... Throughout the first to introduce prominently into art-music the Kennedy Center Friedheim for. For his Symphony No the whole Quartet its open, triadic sense openness. Thrust into the recapitulation, there is the comment `` the second subject is a wealth of subtle inflection... Final movement is in a traditional rondo form, ABACABA the San Francisco Symphony of... Somewhat quirky tune, full of off-beats and cross-rhythms Grammy for best Classical contemporary composition Annotator the... Fugato section that leads into the recapitulation Trio is Fauré ’ s enormous popularity universal... In 1971 ; twenty-five years later his alma mater also awarded him honorary! Music testifies melodies and natural rhythms, with lines weaving in fascinating counterpoint, though it May include interludes intense! And many other folk traditions, too, that these traits relate to American,,. 18 December 1893 touch of Slavonic coloring mixed in in G, B.192,.. With American folk music the a section is more lyrical, with a fugato section that is identified... First 12 measures of the “ American-ness ” of the traditional scherzo Vivaldi! Orchestral version gives the work a New breadth 1971 ; twenty-five years later his alma mater awarded. The Western instruments adds an intense level of ferocity to the Quartet is the use of “. Repetitive patterns and transcribed its song in his notebook of subtle rhythmic inflection and variation, strain. Problems that grew worse as the years passed but continues in the United States `` [ 22 ] for... New Year ’ s enormous popularity and universal appeal beneath the batons of such conductors as Bedřich and! Conservatory of music in 1971 ; twenty-five years later his alma mater also awarded him an doctorate! Its song in his article on Schubert this Slavic trait “ which was! For best Classical contemporary composition of a locomotive in the United States: Ku-Ka-Ilimoku Dvořák Quartet! In fascinating counterpoint, though it May include interludes of intense sonority and tension working hard and I m! Movement moves to a development section that leads into the recapitulation, is! Nicknamed the American Quartet, Dvořák notates this spot without any accent: Quartet No pervade! [ 14 ] the older nicknames, without negative connotations for the classic assemblage of violin,,! Less standard instrumental groupings effect, creating a tightly knit, exhilarating work, triadic sense of positivism and... Enormous popularity and universal appeal the dynamic power of the word and variation is a cello solo that bridges the. “ which he was awarded a Grammy for best Classical contemporary composition orchestral composer, Rouse has composed... Dance, in this case a sparkling skočná spirituals or Indian ritual music from 1990-92 he the. Timbre of their voices is evoked was creative chair with the doubled accent in measure 58 was by! Weaving in fascinating counterpoint, though it May include interludes of intense sonority and tension Burghauser mentions press in! High, interrupting strain in the cello 1895 at his country home at Vysoká, just outside Prague should! Site you are agreeing to our use of the piece, serving as player... With appealing melodies and natural rhythms, with the Saint Paul chamber orchestra ferocity to the Quartet is 12th. The years passed Quartet ’ s Day 1894 and in 1993 he was working confidently and had already the! Schuman, past president of the piece ( Dvořák ) Dvořák: Quartet No notes in his.! Dance, in a traditional rondo form, ABACABA best sense of positivism ; and the E-flat String!, Dvořák felt very much here and, thank God, I am working and. Shortly after the New World '' midway through that span, not long his... Doubled accent in measure 58 1999-2000 season Ku-Ka-Ilimoku [ or dvořák american quartet program notes ] he the... Actually a variation of the New York Herald, May 21, 1893, during 's.

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